Blind Man Drives Car Independently

Blind Driver Avoids Dynamic Obstacles

Baltimore, Maryland (January 29, 2011): The National Federation of the Blind (NFB), the oldest and largest organization of blind people in the nation, announced today that for the first time a blind individual has driven a street vehicle in public without the assistance of a sighted person.

Mark Anthony Riccobono, a blind executive who directs technology, research, and education programs for the organization, was behind the wheel of a Ford Escape hybrid equipped with nonvisual technology and successfully navigated 1.5 miles of the road course section of the famed track at the Daytona International Speedway.

The historic demonstration was part of pre-race activities leading up to the Rolex 24 At Daytona this morning. Mr. Riccobono not only successfully navigated the several turns of the road course but also avoided obstacles, some of which were stationary and some of which were thrown into his path at random from a van driving in front of him. Later he successfully passed the van without collision. The Ford Escape was equipped with laser range-finding censors that conveyed information to a computer inside the vehicle, allowing it to create and constantly update a three-dimensional map of the road environment.

The computer sent directions to vibrating gloves on the driver’s hands, indicating which way to steer, and to a vibrating strip on which he was seated, indicating when to speed up, slow down, or stop.

Mr. Riccobono said: “The NFB’s leadership in the Blind Driver ChallengeT has taken something almost everyone believed was an impossible dream and turned it into reality. It was thrilling for me to be behind the wheel, but even more thrilling to hear the cheers from my blind brothers and sisters in the grandstands*-today

all of the members of the NFB helped drive us forward*. It is for them and for all blind Americans that the National Federation of the Blind undertook
this project to show that blind people can do anything that our sighted friends and colleagues can do as long as we have access to information through
nonvisual means. Today we have demonstrated that truth to the nation and the world.”

Dr. Marc Maurer, President of the National Federation of the Blind, said: “Just as our colleague Mark Riccobono successfully surmounted many obstacles on the Daytona course today, blind people routinely surmount barriers by using alternative techniques and technologies. When there is not a solution available, we muster our resources and combine them with those of the partners who make common cause with us to produce the innovations necessary to create such a solution. That is how the NFB Blind Driver ChallengeT came to happen, and that is how we will make all of our dreams come true.”

The NFB Blind Driver ChallengeT is a research project of the National Federation of the Blind Jernigan Institute-the only research and training facility
on blindness operated by the blind. The Jernigan Institute challenged universities, technology developers, and other interested innovators to establish
NFB Blind Driver ChallengeT (BDC) teams, in collaboration with the NFB, to build interface technologies that will empower blind people to drive a car independently.

The purpose of the NFB Blind Driver ChallengeT is to stimulate the development of nonvisual interface technology. The Virginia Tech/TORC NFB BDC team, under the direction of Dr. Dennis Hong, director of the Robotics and Mechanisms Laboratory at Virginia Tech., is the only team that has accepted the challenge.

The team uses the ByWire XGVT developed by TORC technologies as the research platform for the development and testing of the nonvisual interface technologies that allow a blind person to drive.

For more information about the NFB, please visit
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for television and radio, please visit

About the National Federation of the Blind

With more than 50,000 members, the National Federation of the Blind is the largest and most influential membership organization of blind people in the United States. The NFB improves blind people’s lives through advocacy, education, research, technology, and programs encouraging independence and self-confidence.

It is the leading force in the blindness field today and the voice of the nation’s blind. In January 2004 the NFB opened the National Federation of the
Blind Jernigan Institute, the first research and training center in the United States for the blind led by the blind.

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